What is valued in geese? Meat, eggs, fluff, longevity?
What is guided when choosing your breed for breeding? There are many types of birds, some radically different from their counterparts. In this article we will consider the best types of geese for home breeding and personal farming.
Table of contents
The best breeds of geese for home breeding and personal farming
Kholmogory breed - is exclusively for economic purposes. Not practical. It is displayed exclusively for decorative purposes because it is expensive to maintain because of the complexity of the breeding.
Sexual maturity comes at the age of 3 years, life expectancy reaches 17 years.
The disadvantages include: low productivity (10-15 eggs per year) and the survival of offspring (up to 50%), although this makes the bird more valuable.
Large Ukrainian gray
Ukrainian gray or as they are called a large gray. This is a young breed, large gray body and brightly colored beak and legs. This is one of the most preferred among farmers. They quickly fatten, unpretentious in the care and food, fruitful and strong health.
Inside the breed are divided into:
An adult species gains up to 7, and sometimes up to 9 kg of live weight, while females can carry up to 60 eggs per year, hatchability of eggs is about 70%, which is good. This is a great bird for fattening liver.
Toulouse birds have French roots. The weight of black Toulouse comes to 12 kg, goose up to 7 kg of live weight. The liver is also in demand, the weight of one copy reaches 500 grams.
Pslavitsya high growth, good weight gain, unpretentiousness to feed. Also, Toulousers have good indicators of a set of fat reserves and fluff.
Disadvantages: sensitivity to temperature change, the presence of drafts, high humidity and the almost absence of maternal instinct.
Italian white arrived in the USSR in the 70s from Czechoslovakia, where she came from sunny Italy. Despite the warm climate familiar to this bird, they perfectly adapted to our weather conditions. Blue-eyed with snow-white plumage, bright orange beak and paws.
The size and shape of the body, length of the neck, wings and tail - everything is harmoniously folded, the average size does not allow to refer this breed to neither large nor small, this is the golden mean in the snow-white performance.
By 2 months, he gains about 4 kg. It's time to sell for meat. Adults weigh about 6 kg.Perfect for smoking, since this bird does not tend to accumulate excess fat.
45-50 eggs per year, but up to 90 pieces can be harvested, as the breed quickly reaches puberty and starts early, and eggs can be harvested twice a year.
Productive age up to 5 years.
Disadvantages: the maternal instinct is completely absent, without an incubator it is unlikely that we will be able to grow this breed.
The main purpose of breeding - fluff. For the year he can give up to 500 grams of fluff. Starting from the age of one and repeat the procedure every six weeks.
Legard is a tender and sensitive bird, loves warmth and stability in care, the diet is monotonous throughout the year, as well as the temperature regime.
Disadvantages: low egg wearing rates, poor survival rate of offspring, the need for incubation growth.
The breed is quite fresh.They were bred by crossing Shadrinsk and Italian birds. The weight of an adult male is 4–5 kg, for a year the female bears about 45 eggs. Good hatchability and survival (over 95%).
The species has good characteristics both in terms of egg production and meat quality.
One of the breeds that are bred for eggs. One female carries up to 100 eggs per year, which is not much less than a chicken. The quality of the meat is highly valued, but it is not profitable to maintain for the sake of meat, since the weight of an adult male is only 4-5 kg.
Disadvantages: not particularly developed maternal instinct. And increased aggression during the laying of eggs. It should be more closely monitor the tribe.
Breed brought from Denmark. The weight of an adult female is up to 9 kg, and the male is more than 13 kg. High egg-laying for birds - about 50 eggs, good survival and viability of offspring - up to 82%.
But weak maternal instinct. Hard to bear the absence of a reservoir.
Breed with excellent immunitythe tolerance of various weather and climatic conditions, consistently transmitting to posterity selective qualities.
For the year, the female carries about 50 eggs, the percentage of hatching is more than 80%, the survival rate of the brood is very high up to 95%, the weight of the Ural whites is not great, the adults reach a weight within 5-6 kg
Shabrin bird does not belong to pampered. Nevertheless, the floors should be kept dry and warm. Comfortable temperature for this type is around 18 degrees.
Adult weighs about 6 kg, not much for the male, but the meat is of high quality and much appreciated, which makes this bird attractive to breeders. The liver also enjoys good demand. The weight of the liver reaches 400 grams.
The weight of Tula geese is about 6 kg, the egg-carrying capacity is the smallest, so why are they valued? The fact is that this is the only fighting breed. It is not difficult to breed it, Tula birds can bathe even in severe frosts, the heat will not break them either.As true fighters, they bravely endure all the conditions, but they still have to watch the ration. A set of excess weight threatens to lose the shape of a fighter.
The Kuban bird was bred by crossing Gorky geese and Chinese. The weight of an adult goose varies around 5-6 kg. For the year, females carry up to 90 eggs, of which about 75-85% of the offspring are hatching. Survival rate of goslings is 85%.
Bad mothers do not like to hatch eggs and care for offspring.
Early meat breed Linda. individual weight reaches 7-8 kg. Sexual maturity at 8 months. 90% egg fertility with 80% hatchability. Egg production 45-70 eggs. Lind bred not only for the sake of meat, but also for the fluff.
Perfect for the novice farmer. Geese are not whimsical in food and care, quickly adapt to any weather conditions. Profitability reaches 100% with no complicated care.
It is also recommended to equip the darkened nooks for this bird, they love solitude.
The purpose of the content - meat, fluff, liver for pate. The liver of one individual grows to 500 gr. The live weight of the Toulouse goose reaches 12 kg.As a rule, this particular bird is baked with apples for Christmas.
disadvantages: conditions of detention are tough. At least 20 degrees Celsius, no drafts, maintaining humidity. Low egg production and survival rate of offspring.
The weight of the goose is 6-6.5 kg, for the year the female bears about 30 eggs, of which about 85% will hatch.
Geese are not whimsical in care, have a good appetite and digestion, not emaciated, hardy enough. This bird has a well-developed maternal instinct and excellent chickens emerge from the geese.
Depending on the goal pursued by the farmer, selling meat, collecting eggs or fluff should choose your breed of geese and carefully monitor the content of the population. Hygiene, proper nutrition and taking care of animals will ensure the profitability and pleasant efforts of the geese breeder.